The main task of today’s education is to master the centuries-old achievements of human culture and national spiritual and cultural wealth, to motivate students to adapt to a market economy, to adapt to life, to be fully developed, capable, able to find a way out of any crisis. to bring up a strong and talented, patriotic citizen. The well-being of a person depends on his environment, friends, educational institutions and family. In this regard, the educational work with students in various areas is of particular importance in the formation of their creative, spiritual and moral qualities. The success of educational activities often depends on the professional pedagogical skills of curators-advisors, who work with a group of students.
Curator means guardian in Latin. A curator is a teacher appointed by the dean’s office to address issues of education, leisure, employment, and social issues in a student’s life.
Advisor — a teacher of a special department, which focuses on the study of the educational program during the study period.
The curator-adviser is a specialist who works closely with students. The following requirements are set for it:
The main purpose of the curators-advisers is to form a balance of personal development of young people, to educate students to civic activism, to develop students’ self-formation and self-expression skills based on the choice of educational trajectory within the working curriculum of the specialty.
The main task of curators-advisers is to organize educational work in the study group, the formation of self-government and the gradual involvement of students in the social and creative life of the university and the development of a plan of curatorial hours and work on that basis. Curator-advisor hours should be held once a week.
One of the main activities of the curator-advisor is the adaptation of first-year students to the university, inter-group friendship, brotherhood, cooperation, mutual support, mutual assistance, etc. in the solution of effective social and leisure activities for students. . The formation of properties is. In order to provide methodological assistance to curators-advisors who perform such functions, the University-wide «Curator-Adviser School» was opened within the Department of General and Ethnic Sciences of the Faculty of Philosophy and Political Science and began to work in the following areas. Areas of general educational work are: spiritual and moral, socio-political and legal, patriotic and interethnic, cultural and aesthetic and ethnocultural, rational, intellectual, research, environmental, economic, healthy lifestyle. Let’s talk about them briefly:
Spiritual morality. Spiritual and moral culture is reflected in the maturity and development of the system of socially significant qualities that are successfully implemented in their actions as individuals. For example, the university purposefully and systematically forms the moral image and worldview of professionals in this area.
Socio-political and legal. Socio-political and legal culture is characterized by students’ active outlook on life, ideological and political views and beliefs, knowledge of the laws and legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan. To this end, activities (lectures, talks, parties, etc.) aimed at explaining the complex issues of modern life, the formation of political culture should be conducted with students.
Patriotic and interethnic. It is planned to form the national consciousness of the citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to cultivate patriotism, respect for the state symbol, language, tolerance.
Cultural-aesthetic and ethnocultural. In this regard, the necessary cultural values of the individual are absorbed through information systems, libraries, leading specialists, teachers in all fields. It is also important to organize extracurricular activities for students.
Reasonableness. The content of this education includes the development of reason through the development of all human cognitive functions: mental processes such as intuition, perception, memory, thinking, imagination, speech; development of personal intelligence and cognitive abilities of educators; formation of students’ consciousness and their creative potential.
Mental education. Implemented through education and training. (debate, game, debate, etc.)
Research. First, students learn to apply theoretical knowledge in practice. During their studies, they carry out research work. Conditions should be created for the formation of a research culture by involving them in research work.
Environmental. In the field of environmental education, in addition to general information and technical education of students, special attention is paid to the implementation of various trainings in the field of environmental management and development and active participation in environmental policy.
Economic. The system of economic education helps students to find secondary employment
Healthy lifestyle. The key to the health of young people begins with a healthy lifestyle. This education has a special place in the upbringing of a healthy person in society. It is carried out in certain places, ie on sports grounds, health resorts. Curatorial hours are conducted on the basis of these areas of education.
Aesthetic education is important for the formation of artistic taste, the identification of talents and the development of talent in order to form a person’s artistic taste and teach him to perceive beauty. As soon as a child’s sense of sight develops, he becomes interested in the beautiful scenery of nature, is aesthetically impressed, and learns the world through the explanations of adults. Understanding beauty is the highest level of human consciousness. Every child has their own aptitude for art. That symbol must be recognized and cared for by parents in a timely manner. The child wants to draw, sing, recite poems and dance. It is especially influenced by the art of dancers and singers, artists and performers. We should not get tired of teaching him songs and poems. In this regard, the great writer AP Chekhov said, «A person should be beautiful in all respects.» In the family, parents demand that the child be well-dressed and well-mannered. Etiquette is one of the main branches of aesthetics. Aesthetic effect creates a feeling of kindness. The affected child develops an aesthetic concept, an aesthetic ideal. The artistic basis beautifies life and enhances a person’s moral character. Beauty always makes you feel good. We need to teach the child to see and enjoy beauty. Beauty is in nature, so I started my first lesson in nature, — says the famous teacher VA Sukhomlinsky. «One day with a child in the garden and in the field is equal to many weeks in the classroom,» says the great teacher K.D. Ushinsky.
Cherepanova A.S., Zhunissova Z.K., Yerdaliyeva M.S., Khadzhiyev A.K.
Almaty Technological University, State and Foreign languages department